Coronavirus Resources

Dairy farmers and industry professionals are monitoring public health and responding to market effects as coronavirus continues to shape every aspect of American life. This page offers NMPF-created and NMPF-curated resources focused on dairy’s response to the pandemic. In keeping with our mission of serving our members, NMPF will continue to work with lawmakers and regulators to ensure a safe and adequate supply of milk and to mitigate economic harm to dairy farmers during this challenging time.

A threat to dairy livelihoods

Coronavirus has been devastating to all of agriculture and the U.S. economy, and it’s brought particular damage to dairy. The collapse of food-service business overwhelmed the increased support dairy farmers received from consumers in grocery stores, creating a financial crisis for many dairies.

The federal government has forcefully responded to dairy’s coronavirus crisis, offering payments to producers and purchases of dairy products, along with replenished loan programs that will assist dairy businesses. Still, more work will be needed to help offset the economic damage of this pandemic. Continued relief for dairy farmers is critical for their businesses to get back on the road to recovery. You can help by writing a letter to Congress. Spend a few minutes customizing our call-to-action letter urging Congress to prioritize assistance to dairy in its next coronavirus assistance package. Let them know why dairy is important to you and your community and how the outlook for U.S. dairy resulting from COVID-19 affects you and your community.

Federal Assistance for Dairy Farmers

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)

Coronavirus Food Assistance Program (CFAP) 2

On Sept. 18, Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue announced information on the second round of CFAP payments, which will provide additional aid to dairy farmers due to losses generated by the COVID-19 pandemic. If you are a producer whose operation has been impacted, you are likely eligible for this second round of direct support. USDA’s Farm Service Agency (FSA) is accepting CFAP 2 applications now through Dec. 11, 2020. See below and visit for more information.


Small Business Administration (SBA)

Dairy farmers are eligible for funding for U.S. Small Business Administration loans through the Paycheck Protection Program and COVID-19 Economic Injury Disaster Loan program.

COVID-19 Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL) Program

The SBA is accepting EIDL and EIDL Advance applications. Funds are distributed on a first-come, first-served basis.

Paycheck Protection Program (PPP)

As of August 8, the Small Business Administration is no longer accepting PPP applications from participating lenders. 

Resources for Farmers

Dairy farms are 24-hour, 7-day per week businesses, and operations must continue. Following U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) precautions will minimize the risk to dairy farmers, family, employees and essential professional and service providers to be on the farm.

Agriculture was identified as essential critical infrastructure by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) on March 19; as such, dairy employees have a special responsibility in these times to continue operations. The full list of industries and DHS guidance can be accessed here.

NMPF has crafted a template work permit for food and agriculture employees that explains the DHS guidance and asks relevant authorities to grant employees permission to travel to and from work. Along with the permit itself, the document also defines who is considered a food and agriculture employee for critical-infrastructure purposes.

Workforce Coronavirus Prevention and Management

The CDC provides clear guidance about preventing infection in both English and Spanish. It also provides a number of printable factsheets and posters in both languages suitable for workplace use. Below are resources dairy farmers are encouraged to review and use:

Animal Health

Milk Reduction and Disposal


Guidance for employers


Resources for Processors

The CDC has developed Interim Guidance for Businesses and Employers to plan, prepare and respond to COVID-19. The guidance may help prevent workplace exposures to COVID-19 and provides planning considerations should widespread, community outbreaks of COVID-19 occur.

All employers should be ready to implement strategies to protect workers from COVID-19 while ensuring continuity of operations. During a COVID-19 outbreak, all sick employees should stay home and away from the workplace, respiratory etiquette and hand hygiene should be encouraged, and routine cleaning of commonly touched surfaces should be performed regularly.


Hours of service rules for truck drivers transporting emergency supplies of food returned to normal June 15.

Hauling Resources

The American Trucking Associations has developed a COVID-19 webpage with relevant alerts, facts, and answers to frequently asked questions for industry stakeholders to use as a resource during this pandemic. The page is updated regularly with new information, and is a great source for issues regarding truck stop closings, state and federal declarations, Congressional actions and other developments that may be impacting truck drivers during this time. Additional hauling resources are listed below.