A recent Midwest windstorm, wildfires raging across western states and an active hurricane season are adding natural disasters to the many challenges dairy farmers are facing in this year of COVID-19. Many producers are facing urgent needs to take precautions to protect themselves, their workforce and their livestock. And because emergencies and disasters can occur at any time and without warning regardless of where a farm is located, all dairy producers should consider developing or updating Emergency Action Plans on their farms.
Guidance for dairy farmers who may be affected by natural disasters is listed below, along with general emergency preparedness resources.
- Fire Map, National Interagency Fire Center
- USDA Assists Farmers, Ranchers, and Communities Affected by Western Wildfires, USDA
- Wildfire: Preparing the Farm, Oklahoma State University
- Wildfire Employer Checklist and Training Resources, UC Davis Western Center for Agricultural Health and Safety
- Protecting Outdoor Workers Exposed to Smoke from Wildfires, Cal/OSHA
- Fire Safety for Your Livestock, CalFire
- Wildfires, Smoke and Livestock, U.C. Davis
- Video: Wildfire Preparedness Tips from a Firefighter, Veterinarian and Ranch Owner, UC Davis Western Institute for Food Safety and Security
- When Wildfire Hits the Ranch: Lessons Learned from the Thomas Fire, Fire Adapted Communities Learning Network
- Wildfire Preparedness and Mitigation Plan, AgSafe Canada
General Disaster Resources
Disaster Relief Resources
- Disaster Assistance Discovery Tool: Learn about USDA disaster assistance programs that might be right for you by completing five simple steps.
- Livestock Indemnity Program (LIP): LIP provides benefits to livestock producers for livestock deaths in excess of normal mortality caused by adverse weather. LIP payments are equal to 75 percent of the average fair market value of the livestock. (Fact Sheet)
- Livestock Forage Program (LFP): LFP provides payments to eligible livestock owners who have covered livestock and who are also producers of grazed forage crop acreage that have suffered a loss of grazed forage due to a qualifying drought during the normal grazing period for the county. (Fact Sheet)
- Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honey Bees, and Farm-raised Fish (ELAP): ELAP provides financial assistance to eligible producers of livestock for losses due to certain adverse weather events or loss conditions, including blizzards and wildfires. ELAP assistance is provided for losses not covered by other disaster assistance programs authorized by the 2014 Farm Bill and the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018, such as losses not covered by LFP or LIP. (Fact Sheet)
- Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP): NAP provides financial assistance to producers of non-insurable crops when low yields, loss of inventory, or prevented planting occur due to natural disasters. (Fact Sheet)
- Emergency Conservation Program (ECP):ECP helps farmers and ranchers to repair damage to farmlands caused by natural disasters and to help put in place methods for water conservation during severe drought. The ECP does this by giving ranchers and farmers funding and assistance to repair the damaged farmland or to install methods for water conservation. (Fact Sheet)